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Book Review 10

Page history last edited by caloy 15 years, 11 months ago

BookReview10.doc

 

Ethical Principles

 

    Ethical decision relies on ethical principles for two main reasons. First they express our most deeply held convictions. As such, we are said to be obligated to uphold our ethical principles. That is, we want to act ethically and a given principle expresses one of our ethical certainties, then we have an ethical obligation to uphold the principle. Second, ethical principles play an important role in the effort to arrive at a decision about what is best in given case. Because of their moral force, solutions that uphold them are ethically preferable. Applying these principles to a given case helps us determine what our ethical convictions demand of us.

    When our ethical principles conflict with one another in a given case, we must determine which possible solution upholds the most important of our principles or, at least, sacrifices the least important of them. Although this is sometimes difficult to do, we can often find good reason to think that one solution sacrifices fewer ethical values that another or that the values sacrificed are of less importance in this case than others.

 

The RESOLVEDD Strategy of Ethical Decision Making

 

    The RESOLVEDD strategy is a way of thinking through a personal ethical problem to arrive at the best decision as you can. The best decision is one that upholds your most important values to the greatest extent possible in the situation at had or is most consistent with your ethical character, all things considered. Because your ethical values are some of your most important values, the best decision is usually an ethical decision, one that upholds these values to the greatest extent possible.

 

Aspects of the RESOLVEDD strategy in depth

 

    The mere fact that a given solution does not violate an ethical principle does not show that the solution upholds the principle. Consider, in the case of your subordinate, the solution of ignoring your boss’s suggestion and moving ahead to handle the case, as you prefer. Such an approach clearly does not violate the principle of confidentiality. But neither does it uphold that principle in any significant way.

Reference: Ethics on the Job, Author/s: Raymond S. Pfeiffer, Ralph P. Forsberg

 

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